Industrial Biotechnology & Waste Utilization


  1. Solid Waste (Fly Ash/Pond Ash) Management vis-á-vis environmental issues (Agriculture Sector/Waste land management; Value-added products; Bio-reclamation of Abandoned Ash Ponds)
  2. Eco-restoration of Over Burden Dumps/Mine spoil for soil conservation & mitigation of Green House Gas (CO2).
  3. Atmospheric pollutants and their impact on human health in and around coalfield and coal based industrial area
  4. Microbiology/Biotechnology (Development of biotechnological processes for liquefaction and gasification of coal)

R&D work carried out in the following areas


  1. Utilization of Fly ash in Agriculture/Forestry Sector
  2. Mitigation of GHGs and SPM in landfill/OB dump areas of coalfields in the close vicinity of different TPPs through afforestation
  3. Biotechnological Conversion of Lignite to Humic Acid
  4. Bio-restoration of OB Dumps through the Plantation of Selected Efficient Photosynthetic/Soil Conserver Species in EJ Area (BCCL)
  5. Mitigation of GHG via in situ infusion of fly ash with CO2 in TPP vis-á-vis associated C sequestration
  6. Bio-technological Reclamation of Selected OB Dumps and Wasteland in Talcher and Ib Valley Coalfields of MCL through the Plantation of Medicinal and other Multipurpose Indigenous Plant Species
  7. Assessment of Risks to Human Health from Soil Contamination in Coalfields: Development of Soil Guideline Values, Indicators and Evaluation Framework
  8. Study on atmospheric bio-pollution and its impact on human health in and around coalfield and coal based industrial areas of Ranchi, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Hazaribag and Jamshedpur cities of Jharkhand.
  9. Development of Clean Coal Technologies: Biogasification of coal
  10. Development of biomass ash/ biochar based slow release potassium fertilizer.
  11. Process for the protein-assisted nanocomposite synthesis of Silica- Protease/Chitinase- Humic acid (Si-Protease/Chitinase-HAs) as bioencapsulated pesticides.
  12. CO2 mitigation through Microbial route, bio-H2 production and recovery of novel bioproducts from coal combustion flue gas using coal industrial effluent through micro alga .
  13. Studies on the effect of biochar to combat the leaching of potentially toxic elements from Indian fly ash.
  14. Carbon storage and its stabilization in the coal mine overburden dumps through plantation and soil amendments
  15. Bio-treatment of CBE using aquatic photoautotrophs and recovery of coal-fines: A steps towards the National Mission ‘Clean Ganga’
  16. Process for synthesis of PHA - A biodegradable plastics from biodepolymerized lower rank coal
  17. Screening and characterization of extremophilies methanogenic bacterial consortium


NameDesignationEmail & phonePhoto
Section 1: Industrial Biotechnology & Waste Utilization
Dr. Nishant Kumar Srivastava

Sr. Principal Scientist E-mail : nksrivastava[at]cimfr[dot]nic[dot]in, nksrivastavacimfr[at]rediffmail[dot]com
Phone : +91-326-2388343 (O) , 09430374667 (M)
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Dr. Sudhir Krishna Bharati

Sr. Principal Scientist E-mail : skbharati[at]cimfr[dot]nic[dot]in
Phone : 324 / 325 (O), 9431187740 (M)
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Sri Sanjay Kumar Thakur

Sr. Technical Officer-1 E-mail : kthakurcfri[at]yahoo[dot]co[dot]in skthakurcfri[at]rediffmail[dot]com
Phone : +91-9835111585, 09430778783 (M)
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3 Results
Sl. No.A brief description of Facilities/ Equipment/Tools/software with photos
Section 1: Industrial Biotechnology & Waste Utilization
Sl. No.NameSponsorDurationObjectiveMajor output(if any)
Section 1: Industrial Biotechnology & Waste Utilization
1Development of biomass ash/ biochar based slow release potassium fertilizerCSIR Network Project5 years (ongoing)
  1. To explore and identify the biomass ashes and biochar suitable for exploiting K fertilizer (based on inherent K content and availability).
  2. To develop process for preparation of slow release K fertilizer (SRKF) from biochar and biomass ash.
  3. To optimize the process parameters for preparation of SRKF.
  4. To study the K release pattern from the SRKF in different types of soils.
  5. To study the response of different crop species to SRKF.
  6. To setup lab scale and pilot plant for preparation of SRKF.
  1. Fertilizer product has been sent for its evaluation.
  2. Preliminary pot experiments with paddy, maize and bhendi showed good response to the fertilizer developed by CIMFR.
2CO2 capture through microbial route. (SSP 7219)GAIL(India) Ltd.03 years (from 2012 to 2015)
  1. Isolation, identification and selection of the high CO2 tolerant species of photosynthetic bacteria/micro algae.
  2. Optimization of process parameters for CO2 conversion.
  3. Evaluation of utilizing the microbial biomass for value added by-products.

Patent 1: Process for CO2 (99.9%) capture by filamentous cyanobacteria in fibrous matrix photo-bioreactor using modified algal growth media - Joint patent of CSIR-CIMFR and GAIL India Limited, Submitted to CSIR.

Patent 2: Process for sequestration of CO2 and traces of hydrocarbon from natural gas processing industry by micro algae - Joint patent of CSIR-CIMFR and GAIL India Limited. Submitted to CSIR.

3Inventory of poly aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emissions from thermal power plants of IndiaCSIR Network5 years (ongoing)
  1. Qualitative and quantitative estimation of PAHs in coal/ lignite and other feed stocks used for combustion in power plant.
  2. Sampling and analysis of particulate and gas samples for the PAH, to determine the emissions resulting from coal combustion.
  3. Profiling of PAH emissions with the feed/combustion parameters.
  4. To assess the potential human exposure risks from PAH emissions from power plants
  1. Base line data generated for PAHs content in coal and its emission from thermal power plant.
4Carbon storage and its stabilization in the coal mine overburden dumps of Jharia Coal Field (JCF) through plantation and soil amendmentsDST, GOI 3 years (ongoing)
  1. To assess the carbon accumulation in different tree species growing in reclaimed mine spoils of Jharia coal field.
  2. To assess the soil carbon storage potential and carbon stability under different tree canopies of reclaimed mine spoils.
  3. To evaluate the potential of locally available amendments like farmyard manure (FYM), poultry manure (PM), biochar along with fly ash to restore the barren coal mine spoil.
    1. To assess the carbon storage potentials of different biosolid amendments.
  1. Basle line data on carbon stock in the reclaimed coal mine spoil.
5Studies on the effect of biochar to combat the leaching of potentially toxic elements from Indian fly ashesIn house2 years (From 2015 to 2017)
  1. Characterization of potentially toxic elements from various fly ash and bottom ash.
  2. To assess the leachability of potentially toxic elements through sequential extraction.
  3. To determine the trace element chemistry of different types of ashes and their association with different mineral phases.
  4. To evaluate the effect of biochar on the leaching of trace elements from fly ash.
6Bio-treatment of coal based industrial effluents (CBE) using aquatic photoautotrophs and recovery of coal-fines: A step towards the National Mission ‘Clean Ganga’In house02 years (2016- 2018)
  1. Characterization of coal industrial effluent and evaluate it’s potential to be used for aquatic photo autotrophs cultivation.
  2. Isolate and identify, characterize the efficient strains of photo autotrophs(algae/aquatic microphytes) and optimization of the process parameters.
  3. Evaluate the sensitivity and tolerance of different spp. to the application of coal washery effluent, etc.
  4. Study the potential of utilizing aquatic photo-autotrophs for bio fuel and value added by-products.
  5. Study the process for recovery of coal fines and usage mode of spent water.
7CSC 102 Tap coal: Biogasification of coalCSIR-Net Work5 years (2012-2017)
  1. To design and develop bioreactor (500 L) for conversion of low rank coal to methane. -Completed
  2. To optimize process parameters for methane production & determine the biokinetic parameters of methane producing microorganisms. Completed for Lab scale reactor.
  3. To study the possibility of utilizing spent slurry for recovery of value added products like rock phosphate based fertilizer, humic acid, fulvic acid and PHA (Poly hydroxyl alkanoates). Ongoing
  1. Efficient microbial strains for CH4 production: 17 methane generating bacteria were isolated from different sampling sites. Microbial Patent: 6 Pleurotus djamor (MDU-1), Pleurotus citrinopileatus(CO-1), Aspergillusspp, Emericella nidulans, Aspergillus aculeatus (NRRL 4912), Streptomyces SP.13648B
  2. Coal/biomass based rural bio gas reactor-Copyright and Desighn act by CSIR-CIMFR
  3. Process developed: Developed process ″Coal/biomass based rural bio gas reactor″ will help for coal to gaseous fuel production in rural sector
  4. Educational Achievements 4 PhD (continuing); 13 M.Tech and M.Sc Thesis (Completed)
8CSC 102 Tap Coal: CO2 Capture By Biological Route: CO2 mitigation and recover of novel bio-products from coal combustion flue gas through micro algae CSIR-Net Work5 years (from 2012 to 2017)
  1. Isolation, identification & selection of high CO2 tolerant species of photosynthetic micro algae from mined out soil & coal samples, optimization of process parameters .
  2. To compare distinctive cultural systems for CO2 sequestration: Open pond system-closed photo-bioreactor system.
  3. To assess effect of other toxic constituents of flue gases (NOx, Sox etc ) on carbon mitigation.
  4. To assess the possibility of using coal washery effluent/coal mine water for growth of microalgae and possibility of utilizing microbial biomass for value added by products.
  1. Photobioreactor for CO2 capture-Copyright by CSIR-CIMFR
  2. Fibrous Matrix Photo- Bioreactor, Developed and Patented by CSIR-CIMFR
9Process for synthesis of PHAs (polyhydroxyalkanoates) – A biodegradable plastic from biodepolymerized lower rank coalIn house2 years (from 2014 to 2016)
  1. To isolate &select white rot fungi/bacteria for PHA synthesis.
  2. To optimize process parameter for PHA synthesis from low rank coal & characterization of the PHA.
  3. To assess effect of other recalcitrant molecule present in the LRC for PHA synthesis.
  4. To investigate integrated approach for the possibility of utilizing spent slurry for the recovery of value-added by-products
  1. The development of two-step integrated systems by merging bio-depolymerization of low grade coal by fungi and process for the synthesis of PHA, will lead to increase the efficiency of the PHA synthesis process.
10Screening and characterization of extremophiles methanogenic bacterial consortium in coal bed methane reservoir and study on its application for recovery of methaneIn house2 years (from 2015 to 2017)
  1. Collection & characterization of chemical constituents of coal, water, soil, and bio methanated coal from the coal bed reservoir.
  2. Isolation & screening of extremophiles methanogenic bacterial species
  3. Biokinetic parameters of methane producing microorganisms and optimization study in laboratory.
  4. Study on the influence of culture growth amendments and conditions and rate limiting step(s) of microbial methane generation from coal.
  5. Study on the enrichment action of methanogens in coal for the recovery of bio-methane.
Section 1: Civil & Horticulture
11 Results